The Resource Management Act 1991 is the governing framework for subdivision in New Zealand.
- Permitted by a National Environmental Standard and is shown on a survey plan;
- Permitted by a rule in a district plan as well as a rule in a proposed district plan (if there is one) and is shown on a survey plan;
- Approved by a resource consent and is shown on a survey plan;
- Effected by the acquisition, taking, transfer, or disposal under the Public Works Act 1981;
- Effected by the establishment, change, or cancellation of a reserve under the Te Ture Whenua Maori Act 1993;
- Effected by a transfer or resumption under the State-Owned Enterprises Act 1986 ;
- Effected by any vesting in or transfer or gift of any land to the Crown or any local authority or administering body under the Conservation Act 1987;
- Effected by transfer or gift of any land under the Heritage New Zealand Pouhere Taonga Act 2014 or the Queen Elizabeth the Second National Trust Act 1977;
- Effected by any transfer, exchange, or other disposition of land made under the Property Law Act 2007.